Islamic History

  • The Loss of Meaning: The Destruction of Muslim Holy Sites

    The Loss of Meaning: The Destruction of Muslim Holy Sites

    EVERY YEAR, Muslim holy sites are destroyed at an alarming pace. What is perhaps more alarming is that some Muslims see no problem with this.

    Rather, they may even feel that this is a good thing because an “exaggerated emphasis” is placed on the holiness of such sites. This overstated emphasis, they fear, could weaken or cloud sound understanding of the Oneness of God and reliance solely upon Him.

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  • Going to the Dead Sea for Tourism

    Yes, scholars do mention that the Dead Sea is where Allah’s punishment descended on the people of Lut (peace be upon him), and as such Muslims should not go there for tourism.

    The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and his Companions were once passing by the place of Ashab al-Hijr, who were Thamud, the people of the Prophet Salih (peace and blessings be upon him). Our Prophet told the Companions, “Do not enter upon these recipients of punishment—unless you are crying—lest you be afflicted with what afflicted them.” [Bukhari, Muslim]

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  • The city of Makkah

    Makkah is the blessed city which is the most beloved land in the sight of Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) and the chosen location of His House. It was here that the final prophet and guide of the whole of mankind, Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be on him), was born and commenced his Prophethood.

    • Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) has called Makkah by five names in the Quran: Makkah, Bakkah, Al-Balad, Al-Qaryah and Ummul-Qura.
    • In Surah Al-Imran, Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) states:“Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for Al-Alamin (mankind and jinn).” [3:96]
  • Ka’bah

    The Ka’bah, also known as Baytullah (The House of Allah) is the first house built for humanity to worship Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He). The small, cubed building may not rival other famous buildings in terms of size but its impact on history and human beings is unmatched. It functions as the Qibla, the direction to which all Muslims pray five times a day.

    • Regarding the Ka’bah, Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) mentions in the Quran in Surah Al-Ma’idah:“Allah has made the Ka’bah, the Sacred House, an asylum of security and benefits (e.g., Hajj and Umrah) for mankind.” [5:97]
    • The Ka’bah has been built or adjusted on several occasions throughout history. The most famous builders are; the angels who originally constructed it; the first man and prophet, Adam (upon him be peace); Ebrahim (upon him be peace) with the help of his son Ismail (upon him be peace); by the Quraysh during the Jahiliyyah period (this was witnessed by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) when he was 25 years old) and by Abdullah bin Zubair (may Allah be pleased with him) in 65 AH who rebuilt it according to the wish of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him).
  • Inside the Ka’bah

    The diagram above shows a rare view of what the interior of the Ka’bah looks like. The construction made by Ebrahim (upon him be peace) contained no roof, it was the Quraysh who raised the walls of the Ka’bah and added a roof. Today, only a privileged few have had the opportunity to step inside the Ka’bah.

    • During the times of Jahiliyyah (Ignorance), a man and woman from the Yemenite tribe of Jurhum called Isaf and Na’ilah committed adultery inside the Ka’bah. Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) turned them into stones. When they were found the next day, they were carried outside and were set up at the Ka’bah as a warning. Over time these two stones were worshipped along with the other idols. One of the stones was placed right next to the Ka’bah; the other one was set up at the spring of Zamzam. Finally, the Quraysh ordered that the stone next to the Ka’bah to be carried to the other one at Zamzam. From then on, people slaughtered their sacrificial animals at that spot.
  • Hajar al-Aswad

    The picture above shows the Hajar al-Aswad (The Black Stone), which is set in the eastern corner of the Ka’bah. Tawaf is started and ended by facing this sacred stone. Throughout the ages, innumerable people including many of the Prophets (upon him be peace), the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) himself, the Sahabah (may Allah be pleased with him), pious personalities and millions of Muslims who have performed Hajj and Umrah have placed their blessed lips on it.

    • The Hajar al-Aswad was brought from Jannah and presented to Ebrahim (upon him be peace) to be placed on the corner of the Ka’bah. Ibn ‘ Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said:“The Black Stone came down from Paradise and it was whiter than milk, but the sins of the sons of Adam turned it black.” [Tirmidhi]

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  • Multazam


    The area between the Hajar al-Aswad and the Door of the Ka’bah is called the Multazam. It is approximately two metres wide and is a place where duas (supplications) are accepted.

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    • Door of Ka’bah

      Door of Ka’bah

      This is entrance of the Ka’bah on its eastern side. Originally it was at ground level but was raised when the Quraysh rebuilt the Ka’bah.

      • When Ebrahim (upon him be peace) built the Ka’bah, the entrances of the Ka’bah were on ground level. People entered from the eastern entrance and exited through the western entrance.

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    • Rukan Yamani

      This corner of the Ka’bah is called the Rukan Yamani because it is situated on the side of the Ka’bah which faces the land of Yemen. It is on the wall opposite to that of the Hajar al-Aswad.

      • Because this corner is still standing on the foundation that Ebrahim (upon him be peace) built, the narration of Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) states that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) made “Istilaam” of it.

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    • Meezab

      The Meezab is the golden spout from where rainwater on the roof of the Ka’bah falls onto the Hijr Ismail. It is reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) supplicated under the Meezab.

      • It is commonly referred to as the ‘Meezab-e-Rahmah’ (The water outlet of mercy).

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