Umar Farooq Bin Khatab (ra)

  • Martyrdom of Hazrat Farooq-e-Azam (may Allah be pleased with him)

    In 23 A.H., when Hazrat Umar returned to Madinah from Hajj, he raised his hands and prayed:

    “O God! I am advanced in years, my bones are weary, my powers are declining, and the people for whom I am responsible have spread far and wide. Summon me back to Thyself, my lord!”
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  • Fall of the Persian Empire

    During the time of Hazrat Abu Bakr (, may Allah be pleased with him), Hazrat Khalid bin Walid conquered part of the Persian Empire known as the Kingdom of Hira. Then he was ordered by Hazrat Abu Bakr (, may Allah be pleased with him) to join the expedition to Syria.
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  • Hazrat Umar Farooq – the second Khalifa of Islam

    During Hazrat Abu Bakr’s illness he consulted the people about the next Khalifah, and then gave his decision in favour of Hazrat Umar (, may Allah be pleased with him) who took the charge of Khilafat after the death of Hazrat Abu Bakr (, may Allah be pleased with him) on 22nd of Jamadius Thani 13 A.H. (23rd August 634 AC).
    Umar (, may Allah be pleased with him.) followed fully the ways of Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and the policy of his predecessor, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique, with his characteristic zeal and vigour. It was his strict adherence to the Sunnah of Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, which helped him to subdue the mighty empires of Persia and Byzantine.

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  • Hazrat Umar (, may Allah be pleased with him) had great love for Allah and Rasulallah , peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. He participated in almost all the big battles: Badr, Uhud, Ahzab, Khaibar, Hunain etc. In the expedition of Tabuk, he gave half of his wealth in the path of Allah.
    He was next to Hazrat Abu Bakr (, may Allah be pleased with him) in the sacrifice of his belongings for the cause of Allah.

    Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, also had a deep love for him. Once he remarked, “Were a prophet to come after me, he would have been Umar”.
    In another Hadith mentioned in Bukhari, Hazrat Abu Hurairah (, may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “In Bani Isra’il (Israelites), there were people who were not prophets but talked to Allah. Were anyone in my Ummah like those persons, he would be Umar”.

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  • Hazrat Umar gets the title of Al-Farooq

    The conversion of Hazrat Umar (, may Allah be pleased with him) strengthened Islam.
    Before this, Muslims had lived in constant fear of the disbelievers, and most of them were concealing their faith. The Muslims were now able to offer their Salat publicly. When Hazrat Umar (, may Allah be pleased with him) became a Muslim, he declared his faith openly before the Quraish chiefs. Though they stared at him, they could not do any harm to him. Then once he had been granted permission from Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him,, he led a party of the Muslims to the Kabah to offer Salat. Hazrat Hamza, who had accepted Islam a few days before Hazrat Umar (, may Allah be pleased with him), carried another party of the Muslims to Kabah.

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  • Hazrat Umar (, may Allah be pleased with him) belonged to the Adi family of Quraish tribe. In the 8th generation, his lineage joins with Rasulallah , peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.
    He was born in 583 A.C., about forty years before the great Hijrah. The early life of Hazrat Umar is not known in detail. In his youth he was a famous wrestler and orator, and a spirited person. He was one among the few people in Makkah who knew how to read and write. His main occupation was business.

    When the Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, recieved the revelation and invited people to Islam, Hazrat Umar initially became the sworn enemy of Islam and Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him,, and did not hesitate to harm the Muslims at every opportunity.
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  • Mosque of Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)

    Mosque of Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)

    This is the place where the Caliph Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) performed salat after the conquest of Jerusalem in 638 CE. The Patriarch of Jerusalem was showing Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) around the Church of the Holy Sepulchre during which the time for salat occurred. The Patriarch offered a place for him to pray in the church but Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) refused, explaining to the Patriarch, โ€œHad I prayed inside the church, the Muslims coming after me would take possession of it, saying that I had prayed in it.โ€ Tradition has it that he picked up a stone, threw it outside and prayed at the spot it landed. The present Mosque of Umar (or Masjid-e-Umar) was built over this place by Salahuddin Ayyubiโ€™s son Afdhal Ali in 1193 CE.

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