Islamic Articles

  • Regarding Qurbani/sacrificial slaughter at Eid Ul Adha/hajj, please note the following important points:

    Qurbani is wajib upon a person who possesses wealth to the value of 613g of silver.

    Qurbani must be done to fulfil ones own obligation before you can offer to fulfil this obligation for another (eg wife, parents etc).

    It is wajib upon a baaligh, Muslim person of sound mind who possesses at least the value of 613g of silver in wealth.

    It is therefore not obligatory upon children or the poor or people not of sound mind and so on.

    Please be careful in ensuring your Qurbani is fulfilled correctly. It is the responsibility of the individual in ensuring all conditions of Qurbani are met. For example, niyya is a necessary component of slaughter. Before the zibah, the person doing the slaughter must make intention that this slaughter is for such a person. Not necessarily by name (this is good if possible) but General niyya is sufficient. Eg intention: this Qurbani is being filled for the man in London who called me asking to make slaughter on his behalf.

    If a person is doing zibah of his own animal then his niyya will be for himself and if he is doing on behalf of someone else then it should be as above.

    The issue arises when organisations are instructed to the Qurbani on your behalf. For large organisations, they may be required to fulfil hundreds, may be thousands of qurbani’s. So the question now is do they have enough information about each instruction to ensure a valid niyya? If they do, Do they pass this on to the person doing zibah? This is a very crucial issue as many organisations do not make record of the identity of the person instructing them for Qurbani!
    If niyya is not valid, the animal will be halal but it will not fulfil the obligation of Qurbani which remains outstanding and the person instructing will be sinful for failing a wajib Amal.

    After niyya, another important point is the tasmiyya read at time of zibah. The person doing zibah (zaabih) must say bismillahi allahuakbar. This must be said at least loud enough so that it can be heard by the person himself. If it is not pronounced or pronounced ‘in the heart’ or so quiet that it can not be heard by the person himself then the animal will not be halal to eat.

    In collective Qurbani of a large animal, if the niyya of any individual is not correct or it transpires any of the individuals is a gustakh (person who disrespects) the Prophet ﷺ or of the sihaba or the Beloved wives of the prophet ﷺ, or is a non Muslim (eg ahmedi/qaidiyani) then the Qurbani of the whole animal is made void rendering the Qurbani of the correct individuals wasted also. Again with large organisations, they do not differentiate on any of this issues. If someone pays their share for Qurbani, the sacrifice is done on their behalf thereby wasting the efforts of the others in that collective Qurbani.

    When the animal is sacrificed (zibah done), at least three out of the four main veins/arteries in the neck must be cut through, or the animal will not be halal! The zaabih (person doing sacrifice) must be aware of the anatomy of the animal and conditions of zibah, in order to fulfil the obligations. How can someone fulfil the obligations if he doesn’t know what they are himself?!

    The health conditions of the animal must also be met for Qurbani to be valid. I.e conditions like the animal must be of a certain age, it must not be blind in any eye, it must not be injured.. Etc etc.

    This gives the reader an overall idea of the conditions and requirements of Qurbani and we must understand that if any of the conditions or wajibat of the process of Qurbani and sacrificial slaughter are not met, then Qurbani is not valid and we are accountable.

    Please take care in ensuring that your Qurbani is conducted in the correct manner, fulfilling all conditions, requirements and wajibat.

    We can see the problems we are faced with when instructing large organisations.

    The question then arises where people ask me, where should we give our Qurbani then? We want to help the poor?

    My personal response to that is, give to a madrassa in the Middle East or Asia. These madrasas have very poor children who are often orphans or abandoned by their families. They are also students of deen. If you assist them not only will your wajibat be fulfilled, not only will you be assisting the poor but in addition you will receive reward when the child sits in class reciting Allah’s kalaam, Rasoolallah ﷺ ‘s kalaam, learns about the sciences of deen … These children will be scholars, hafiz and so on, you will be assisting those who assist the deen of Allah ﷻ and His Rasoolallah ﷺ. By very nature of the establishment they are, madrasas are likely to take care when fulfilling such actions.

    Again be careful to give to a reliable madrassa.  How do you know if it is reliable? Well, if you have witnessed yourself or accept the testimony of another. You have to at least have taken all reasonable measures to ensure your wajib Amal is completed correctly. Madrasas are easier to organise and manage then thousands or even tens of thousands of qurbani’s that large charity organisations are required to complete. If, after taking all reasonable precautions and measures, the organisation or individuals instructed, do not fulfil all the necessary requirements, then they will be responsible not the individual. Again the condition first is that you did everything possible to settle your mind that the organisation is reliable in its methodologies of Qurbani.

    With regards to the meat of the Qurbani animal. What is recommended in that respect? The recommendation is that you keep 1/3 of the meat for yourself, 1/3 for your relatives and friends and 1/3 for the poor and needy. I always recommend including the family of the prophet ﷺ since they cannot be recipients of zakat or sadqa but they can receive Qurbani meat.

    If an individual wishes to keep most or all of the meat for himself, if he is poor then there is no issue whatsoever, in fact that is preferable but even if he is rich, although it is against recommendation, he can still keep most or all the meat for himself or his family without being accountable.

    The above is a summary. I have not delivered the detail on each of the conditions and requirements, there are also additional conditions and requirements which I have not mentioned. I have covered the main areas as relevant to is in the west. Eg the masa’il of buying animals and slaughtering yourself etc have not been touched upon. May be on another occasion, if Allah ﷻ gives me the tauwfeeq,
    انشآء الله تعالى

    Allah ﷻ & His Rasool ﷺ know best.

    (Please also note that my reference to large organisations and charities is general. I am not in anyway casting doubt on any individual organisation but simply educating the necessity to exercise caution in these matters)

     

    By Shaykh Abu Yusha Yasin




  • Al Isra – The Night Journey‏

    Al Isra – The Night Journey‏

    Jummah Khutbah

    We are now into the holy month of Rajab and in this month on the 27th the second biggest miracle associated with Nabi ﷺ took place. The fist being the Qur’an, which is regarded as the biggest Miracle.
    Read more

  • Questions on the Day of Judgement‏

    Now I am sure we have had many emails on the signs of the day of Judgement.  What I would like to talk about today is the types of questions that will asked.  This will Insha Allah help us to rectify our ways so that we can answer them properly.  Imagine if someone is about to sit an exam and they are told the questions and answers before the exam. 

    Yet when they sat the exam they fail, wouldn’t you think that they were stupid!!!  Then what about us, we are told about the exam of day of Judgement, the questions the answers yet we do nothing about it.  Although we will be asked about everything, certain subjects have been given more weight. 

    Read more

  • The Intercession of the Prophet on the Day of Judgment

    Allah (The Exalted and Glorified) says in the Holy Qur’an,

    “And for a part of the night, keep vigil therewith as a supererogatory [devotion] for you. It may be that your Lord will raise you to a praiseworthy station.” [Isra’a: 79]

    Read more

  • Allah has never commanded merely to pray rather the Quranic command to pray has come in specific ways

    Allah says “Establish the prayer for My Remembrance”

    • When you pray heedlessly of God you have done the form of what your Lord has commanded you but you have not fulfilled its purpose.
    • Establishing the Prayer is also known as iq’aamah – it is to make something upright without any crookedness or deficiency Uprightness has two aspects inward and outward

  • What Do We Know About Gog and Magog?

    The coming of Gog and Magog is established in the Qurʾān and Prophetic traditions as one of major signs of the end of time. Allah says:
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  • Disposing of Hair and Nails

    In the name of Allah, Most Merciful.

    The scholars generally concur that it is recommended to bury everything that is separated from a living human’s body, such as a limb, hair, nails, and the like. [Shafii: Nawawi, al-Majmu` Sharh al-Muhadhdhab, 5.213; Hanbali: Buhuti, Kashshaf al-Qina 2.96; Hanafi: Turi, Takmilat al-Bahr al-Ra’iq 8.232].
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  • Clothing Below Ankles

    Before defining pride, what we find in many of the work of the four schools of thought is that it is disliked without a sin (makruh). This is not to deny though that there are many scholars today who hold that it is prohibited to for men to have their clothing below the ankle.

    Arrogance (Kibr)

    The definition of Arrogance (kibr) according to Ibn Juzay is, “A person thinking highly of themselves and looking down upon others.” Imam al-Ghazzali in his Forty Foundations defines pride as, “The reality of arrogance (kibr) is that one deems himself superior to others in regards to qualities of completion which leads to snobbish and overjoyed”.

    The Causes and Signs of Arrogance

    Arrogance can be caused by having knowledge, worship, lineage, courage, strength, beauty, wealth, or prestige. Some of the effects of arrogance is that a person would want a high position in gatherings, being the first while walking, looking down on others, being hateful towards others if they don’t begin with salam, or that when he looks at the masses its like he is looking at donkeys.

    What Pride leads to

    Arrogance will cause a person to be driven away from the signs of Allah (Quran 7:146). Ibn Zukri said, “As long as a person is arrogant his heart will not submit to truth, accept it, nor benefit from it.”

    (Mawlud, Purification of the Heart)

  • Tight or Revealing Clothing on Men and Women

    It is better for a man to wear loose slacks and something (whether a longer shirt, a coat or a jacket) that covers his rear.

    Somewhat tight jeans would be at least somewhat disliked and blameworthy. Form-fitting jeans that fully define the shape and form of a part of the body that must be covered with clothing (awra) during normal wear would be sinful to wear and prohibitively disliked.
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  • Messiah (Greek: Christos) Does Not Mean Savior (Greek: Soter)

    The word “messiah” in Hebrew (mashiakh), comes from the same triliteral root as the Arabic m-s-h, meaning “to rub” or “anoint;” this denotes that he has a special quality and exalted status. Therefore, “messiah” does not mean “savior” linguistically; however orthodox (trinitarian) Christians interpret his special quality to be that of a savior (Greek: soter). This is a Christian interpretation. We should remember that the entire concept of the Messiah was borrowed by the Christians from Judaism, then radically reinterpreted in light of Pauline Christology.
    Read more

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