Ali ul Murtaza (ra)

  • The insurgents’ shameful act of assassinating Hazrat Usman could have never been imagined by Hazrat Ali or any other eminent Companion in Madinah. It came as a total shock to Hazrat Ali (, may Allah be pleased with him.) whose two sons, Hazrat Hassan and Hussain (, may Allah be pleased with him.) were guarding the gate of Hazrat Usman’s residence. The insurgents, after climbing the back wall of the residence, had assassinated the Khalifah.
    The assassination of Hazrat Usman was in fact an idea used to create division amongst the Muslim Community, which was the goal of the cursed Abdullah Bin Saba and his followers (the insurgents), and they achieved it.

    After the assassination of Hazrat Usman, the insurgents virtually controlled the Capital of Madinah for several days. The Muslims were in pain and shock, and sat behind closed doors. After the assassination of Hazrat Usman (, may Allah be pleased with him.), an unprecedented calamity had befallen the Muslims and for three days, Madinah was without any government.
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  • Hazrat Ali (, may Allah be pleased with him.), the great scholar of Islam

    Hazrat Ali (, may Allah be pleased with him.) was not only a great warrior but a great scholar as well.

    Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said about him, “I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate.”

    He was one of the great jurists among the Companions. Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, appointed him as the Qadi (Judge) of Yemen during his life time. He was a master of Arabic and his writings were as effective as his speech. More about his scholarly services to Islam are mentioned later on in this article.

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  • Due to his bravery, Hazrat Ali was popularly called Asadullah, the Lion of Allah.

    In the battle of Khaibar against the Jews, the Muslims tried to conquer the strongest Jewish fort, Qumus, but were not successful in the beginning.
    Then Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “Tomorrow, I will give the command to such a brave person who loves Allah and His Prophet, and whom Allah and His Prophet love.” Everybody had a great desire to be that fortunate man. The people were rather surprised when, the next morning, Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, called Hazrat Ali, who was ill and his eyes were sore. Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, applied his saliva over the eyes of Hazrat Ali (, may Allah be pleased with him.); they were cured immediately. Then he gave the command, and advised him, “Firstly, call them towards Islam. Even if one man is guided towards Islam because of you, it would be better than red camels.”

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  • Hazrat Ali (, may Allah be pleased with him.) was extremely brave and his courage knew no limits. He participated in almost all the battles against the non-believers during the time of Rasulallah , peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. History is full of stories about his bravery.

    In the first battle of Islam at Badr, he was holding the flag of Islamic army. When three famous warriors of Quraish challenged the Muslims according to Arab tradition, Hazrat Ali (R. A. ) along with Hazrat Hamzah and Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (, may Allah be pleased with him.) accepted the challenge. Hazrat Ali killed his opponent, Walid, with just one thrust of his sword and cut him into two pieces. Then he went on to help Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (, may Allah be pleased with him.) in defeating the next Quraishi warrior.

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  • Hazrat Ali (, may Allah be pleased with him.) was very close to Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him,, and the closeness became a permanent relationship when he married his most beloved daughter, Hazrat Fatima (, may Allah be pleased with him.) to Hazrat Ali (, may Allah be pleased with him.).

    Hazrat Ali (, may Allah be pleased with him.) also had a most distinguished honour; that the progeny of Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, continued through Hazrat Ali’s sons, Hazrat Hassan and Hazrat Hussain (, may Allah be pleased with him.). The two children were the most beloved of Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and he, in turn, was very dear to them.

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  • When Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, started to spread Islam, Hazrat Ali (, may Allah be pleased with him.) was about ten years old. When Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, told Hazrat Ali about Islam, he accepted it immediately and thus he became the first youth to enter the folds of Islam.

    When Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, started to preach openly, he invited all of his family members to a feast and announced his mission before them. None listened to him, but the young Hazrat Ali stood up and said, “Though my eyes are sore, my legs are thin and I am the youngest of all those present here yet I will stand by you, Oh Messenger of Allah.”
    Hearing this all the leaders of Quraish laughed, but Hazrat Ali proved his words to be true after supporting Rasulallah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, in his mission from the beginning till the end.

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  • Introduction

    Hazrat Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) was born thirty years after the birth of Rasulallah , peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. He belonged to the most respectable family of Quraish, the Banu Hashim.

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