Mosque of Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)
This is the place where the Caliph Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) performed salat after the conquest of Jerusalem in 638 CE. The Patriarch of Jerusalem was showing Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) around the Church of the Holy Sepulchre during which the time for salat occurred. The Patriarch offered a place for him to pray in the church but Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) refused, explaining to the Patriarch, “Had I prayed inside the church, the Muslims coming after me would take possession of it, saying that I had prayed in it.” Tradition has it that he picked up a stone, threw it outside and prayed at the spot it landed. The present Mosque of Umar (or Masjid-e-Umar) was built over this place by Salahuddin Ayyubi’s son Afdhal Ali in 1193 CE.
- A copy of the Covenant which Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) had drawn up giving assurances of safety to the (non-Muslim) people of Jerusalem is displayed in the mosque.
- This mosque is not to be confused with the Dome of the Rock which is sometimes mistakenly referred to as the Mosque of Umar. There is also a small mosque adjacent to the Al-Aqsa Mosque known as the Mosque of Umar.
References: A history of Jerusalem – Karen Armstrong, Wikipedia, The Rough Guide to Jerusalem